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Equity Method, ASC 323

Equity method for partnerships and joint ventures
AICPA Accounting Interpretations (AIN) APB 18
” The Equity Method of Accounting for Investments in Common Stock:
Accounting Interpretations of APB Opinion No. 18″

FASB Emerging Issues Task Force (EITF) Issue No. 03-16
“Accounting for Investments in Limited Liability Companies”

General rules and principles of equity method, APB 18, apply to
–> Partnerships
–> Unincorporated joint ventures
–> AIN APB 18

Limited Liability Companies (LLC)
–> Investments in LLC are similar to the investments in limited partnership
–> Equity method rules and principles apply to LLC
–> EITF 03-16

 

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Investments: Equity Method and Joint Ventures, ASC 323

Investments in Equity of Other Entities
1. Investments in equity securities that have (A)
(A) readily determinable fair value
–> Apply asc topic 320: Investments – Debt and Equity Securities
–> SFAS 115

2. Investments in common stock of subsidiaries
–> Apply asc topic 810: Consolidation
–> ARB 51, SFAS 160
3. Investments in common stock with significant influence
–> Apply asc topic 323-10: Investments – Equity Method and Joint Ventures
–> APB 18

4. Investments in partnerships, unincorporated joint ventures, limited liability companies
–> Apply asc topic 323-30: Partnerships, Joint Ventures, Limited Liability Entities
–> AICPA Accounting Interpretation (AIN) APB 18

5. Investments in common stock other than previous cases
–> Apply asc topic 325-20: Cost Method Investments
–> APB 18

6. Fair value option
–> ASC 825 Financial Instruments: Fair Value Option (FVO)
–> SFAS 159: FVO for financial assets and financial liabilities, ASC 825
–> SFAS 156: FVO for servicing assets and servicing liabilities, ASC 860
–> SFAS 155: FVO for hybrid instruments, ASC 815
–> SFAS 157: Fair Value Measurements, ASC 820
–> SFAS 107: Disclosures about Fair Value of Financial Instruments, ASC 820

Significant Influence
–> 20% or more of the voting rights of an investee
–> Investee is not a subsidiary or a controlled entity

Initial measurement under equity method
–> investments are measured at cost

Subsequent measurement under equity method
1. Investor’s share of (B)
–> is recognized in the investor’s financial statements
(B) Earnings or losses of an investee

2. Investor’s share of (C)
–> adjusts the investor’s other comprehensive income
(C) Other comprehensive income

3. Investor’s share of (B) and (C)
–> adjusts the carrying amount of the investor’s investment

Equity method losses
Investor’s share of losses of an investee
–> is recognized up to
–> the carrying amount of the investor’s investment

Equity method goodwill: Basis difference
1. If investment cost > investor’s share of net assets
–> the difference between two
–> is recognized as “equity method goodwill”

2. Equity method goodwill is not amortized.

3. Impairment test for goodwill, SFAS 142,
–> is not applied to “equity method goodwill”
4. Equity method goodwill is impaired
–> if a decrease in value is “other than temporary”

Impairment of equity method investment
If a decrease in (D) is “other than temporary”
–> recognize such a decrease
–> beyond the amount normally recognized by equity method, i.e., current losses
(D) the value of investor’s equity method investment

 

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