# Accrued expenses

Q15. Accrued expenses
Entity A borrowed \$500,000 on December 1, 20×1. Annual interest rate is 12% and interest is payable at the end of every 3 months.
Prepare a journal entry to accrue interest expense for the month of December 20×1 on December 31, 20×1.

A15. Under the accrual basis accounting, expense is recognized as it is incurred even if cash is paid later.

December 31, 20×1

 Debit Credit Interest expense 5,000 Interest payable 5,000

[Note]
1. Increase in interest expense (expense): debit
2. Increase in interest payable (liability): credit
3. Annual interest expense = \$500,000 x 12% = \$60,000
4. Interest expense for the month of December 20×1
= Annual interest expense x 1/12
= \$60,000 x 1/12 = \$5,000

[Exercise]
Entity B borrowed \$120,000 on November 1, 20×1. Annual interest rate is 6% and interest is payable at the end of every 6 months. Prepare a journal entry to accrue interest expense for November and December 20×1 on December 31, 20×1.

December 31, 20×1

 Debit Credit Interest expense 1,200 Interest payable 1,200

[Note]
1. Increase in interest expense (expense): debit
2. Increase in interest payable (liability): credit
3. Annual interest expense = \$120,000 x 6% = \$7,200
4. Monthly interest expense = annual interest expense x 1/12
= \$7,200 x 1/12 = \$600
5. Interest expense for November and December 20×1
= \$600 x 2 = \$1,200